Nigeria: The period of lame duck is right here, By Eric Teniola

With the number of the presidential flag bearers by the assorted political events for subsequent

With the number of the presidential flag bearers by the assorted political events for subsequent 12 months’s election, the period of lame duck, particularly within the central authorities is right here. The lame duck definition refers to when an individual in energy has entered the ultimate levels of their management, and the chosen successor has been elected or quickly will likely be. Lame-duck turned the time period used to explain politicians, particularly the president, who both misplaced an election or determined to forgo reelection.

For a while, we have now been witnessing a weak Presidency, however it’s doubtless going to worsen now. What’s about to occur is the deconstruction of the imperial Presidency. Nothing humbles a person or a girl who has been in energy to appreciate instantly that she or he has to lose the facility. Exit date humbles any authorities official and that’s the reason they are saying energy is transient. Now we have nothing that’s actually our personal; we maintain every little thing as a mortgage. The dangerous information is that nothing lasts ceaselessly. The excellent news is that nothing lasts ceaselessly too. Individuals and issues will come and go. Every part on this life is transient. Weak males create onerous occasions. Weak point invitations aggression. A frontrunner with extreme weak spot is usually a hazard to democracy. He may even cut up the nation with indecision and failure to behave. We want a dynamic management with initiative. The hazard about weak management is that you don’t actually know who’s in cost. Therefore we hear of cabal ruling the nation. The emergence of a ruling cabal is failure management.

The lame duck period will create extra confusion for us and it will likely be like a authorities on holidays.

Henceforth, the concentration is going to shift from THE VILLA to the marketing campaign discipline. The Presidential flag bearers will make extra information than THE VILLA. It’s going to have an effect on the political events too.

In a presidential system of presidency, the presidential candidate is the chief of the get together. The political events can have fewer roles to play through the marketing campaign. The Chairman of the political events and the get together headquarters’ will likely be mere passengers within the political drive. In some cases the flag bearers will undermine the facility and affect of the political events.

In our personal case, Ministers, particular advisers, particular assistants will likely be considering of their very own future since all of them will go along with the president subsequent 12 months.

On this case fewer appointments will likely be made and the period of imperial Presidency is coming to an finish. It’s a very fascinating time we about to witness.

I’ve witnessed the period of lame duck twice. The primary time was the final six months of Common Abdusalam Abubakar (80), GCFR, between 1998 and 1999. The second time was the final six months of President Olusegun Obasanjo (85), GCFR, throughout which President Umaru Musa Yar’adua was elected on the PDP Presidential election in December 2006. At these two events, I noticed energy fading from these in authority.
Out of the blue those that wielded monumental energy earlier than turned human to the extent that they have been answering phone calls and receiving phone calls by themselves as an alternative of via secretaries. Out of the blue they have been contacting outdated mates realizing totally effectively that they’ll quickly be out of energy.

Throughout the lame duck period of Common Abdusalam Abubakar, GCFR, he solely targeting the development of the Eagle Sq., the Nationwide Meeting constructing and devoted a lot of his time to the transition programme. He dispatched his then Secretary to the Authorities of the Federation, Alhaji Gidado Idris, GCON, (15 March 1935 – 15 December 2017) to South Africa and East Africa to promote his transition programme to the leaders of that area. I accompanied Alhaji Gidado Idris on the journeys. We met the then South African President, Nelson Mandela (July 18, 1918, Mvezo, South Africa — died December 5, 2013, Johannesburg) in Pretoria and Johannesburg. Current on the conferences with President Mandela was the then Nigeria ambassador to South Africa Alhaji Shehu Othman Malami(88), Sarkin Worno in Sokoto state and former Chairman of Union Financial institution, who was not solely a pal to President Mandela and in addition a part of his family. He consistently referred to him as Shehu whereas Malami referred to President Mandela as Madiba. Little question President Mandela was very a lot keen on Alhaji Malami. The affinity between the 2 males was very sturdy.

Within the numerous conferences, President Mandela all the time referred to Common Obasanjo as my “pal”. He was consoled when Alhaji Gidado advised him that Common Obasanjo was amongst these vying for the Presidency and his probabilities of changing into President have been shiny.

From South Africa, we moved to Kampala,Uganda the place we met President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni (77). We additionally met President Daniel Arap Moi (1924-2020) in Kenya in addition to the Namibia President, Samuel Shafiishuna Daniel Nujoma(93). Throughout the two weeks tour, we met President Benjamin Mkpa(1938-2020) of Tanzania.

That was when Nigeria was like a colossus in Africa.

Lame duck period is when ministers rush memos to the CABINET secretariat for approval by the Federal Government Council. Throughout the Lame duck period of Common Abdusalam, THE CABINET secretariat was the centre of actions. Day and evening members of the cupboard secretariat have been receiving memos on contracts from completely different ministers. Their Everlasting Secretary then, Dr. P.Okay. Kaigama, together with Alhaji Auwab Abdullahi, Mr. A. Fasan, Mr. O.S. Ogedengbe, Mr. Ibrahim Mahe, Mr Chike N. Agina, Mr. Wuese AI, Mr. T.A. Ajayi, Mr. M.U. Nnaji, Mr Joshua E. Okpo, Mr. Okay.W. Jibril, Mr. F.F. Ogunshakin, Mr. E.I. Onuoha, Mr. S.Okay. Ikata, Mr. O.I. Adisa, Miss Charity C. Utok and others have been working day and evening.

The gossip among the many staff in cupboard secretariat was that the memos have been “partying presents”. At the moment the media was reporting how our international reserve was depreciating day by day.

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The one factor exceptional concerning the lame duck period of Common Abdusalam was that it was profitable, in that he handed over to Common Olusegun Obasanjo on Could 29, 1999.

In January 2005, Chief Audu Harmless Ogbeh(74), an Idoma from Otukpo in Benue state, was pressured to resign as Chairman of PDP. It was assumed that Chief Ogbeh fell out with President Obasanjo on sure ideas. Chief Ogbeh had earlier taken over the Chairmanship of the get together from Chief Bernabas Andar Iyoryer Gemade (73) additionally from Benue state. Chief Ogbeh’s resignation took impact from February 28, 2006. Chief Audu Ogbeh returned to his Efugo Farms in Makurdi.

He was changed by Colonel Ahmadu Adah Ali (rtd., 86) from Idah in Kogi state. Colonel Ali has served as Minister of Training between 1976 and 1979 through the period of Common Olusegun Obasanjo. Esprit de Corp between Colonel Ali and President Obasanjo is so deep. After Chief Audu Ogbeh’s elimination, the PDP headquarters was being run as a division below President Olusegun Obasanjo. Rumours have been circulating that President Obasanjo wished a 3rd time period which was unconstitutional.

On Could 16, 2006, the deputy Senate President Alhaji Ibrahim Mantu (February 16, 1947- August 17, 2021) from Gindirin in Manga Native Authorities Space of Plateau state representing Plateau Central offered a invoice to the Senate. The invoice was to allow anybody together with President Obasanjo to contest election and not using a restrict to his time period. The invoice was termed THIRD TERM by the media.

The Senate presided by Chief Ken Ugwu Nnamani(73) rejected the invoice. The rejection of the invoice was conveyed to President Obasanjo via a phone name by the then Secretary to the Authorities of the Federation, Chief Ufot Ekaette( 1939-2019) from Ikot Edor in Eket Native Authorities Space of Akwa Ibom State. President Obasanjo was attending a UNESCO occasion in Paris, France.

Chief Ekaette’s secretary then, Chief Mrs Abiodun Akinola from Fiditi in Oyo state, needed to undergo Mrs Remi Oyo, President Obasanjo’s spokesperson in different to get President Obasanjo on cellphone. President Obasanjo flew that evening again to Abuja. Having realized that he needed to go following the defeat of the third time period bid, he settled down to select his successor.

He reached his conclusion on Alhaji Umaru Yar’adua(16 August 1951 – 5 Could 2010) lengthy earlier than the PDP conference held at Eagle Sq. on December 17, 2006. Alhaji Yar’adua who was the Governor of Katsina state at the moment was not too near PDP Northern governors. The aspirants at the moment Common have been Common (rtd.) Aliyu Gusau(79) from Zamfara state, who was then the Nationwide Safety Adviser, Governor Ahmed Muhammed Makarfi (65) who was then Governor of Kaduna state after which Dr. Peter Otunaya Odili (73) from Ogba-Egbema-Ndoni Native Authorities Space of Rivers State.

Governor of Rivers State, Peter Odili had the backing of South-South Peoples Meeting collectively led by Chief Edwin Clarke (95) and Dr Joseph Wayas(21 Could 1941- November 30, 2021) . The Secretary of the Meeting was Chief Raymond Dokpesi. The leaders of the Meeting toured nearly all the assorted components of the nation.

Throughout this era the friendship between President Obasanjo and his Vice, Atiku Abubakar GCON, had damaged down fully. It was past repairs. With the number of Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’adua because the PDP Presidential candidate, President Obasanjo’s imperial Presidency ended and thus started the lame duck period of his presidency.

Dr Odili in his ebook titled Conscience and Historical past: My Story narrated what occurred on the Peoples Democratic Occasion’s conference. Odili mentioned within the ebook: “On twelfth December, a spurious and nameless petition was posted on the web from a questionable ‘supply’ alleging CORRUPT practices towards the Rivers State Authorities below me. These allegations have been contrived right into a petition by the EFCC below Nuhu Ribadu’s hand, to the President (Obasanjo) the identical day.

“On the thirteenth of December 2006, Mr. President directed EFCC to research. On the 14th day of December, 2006, EFCC submitted a so-called ‘interim’ report back to the then president who promptly minuted for my response on the identical 14th December, 2006, however forwarded to me on 15/12/06, a day to the conference vide ref. PRES/44. I assembled what was left of my cupboard staff, a number of having been arrested and stored on the EFCC workplace in Lagos inside these few days of pressing dramatic motion.

“We submitted our response on the fifteenth day of December, 2006 by which period it had grow to be clear what the entire train was about— ‘get Odili out of the race for the presidency in any respect price’.”

He mentioned: “Until date the harmless uninformed nonetheless make reference to that judicially nullified and voided report. This turned lucidly clear with the moment launch of my employees who have been being detained in Lagos by the EFCC as quickly as I voluntarily and correctly withdrew from the competition. There was jubilation on the EFCC workplace instantly information of my withdrawal broke and all my employees have been requested to go house instantly. This was on the fifteenth of December.

“Then got here the ‘D’ Day- sixteenth December, 2006-the date of the conference. I used to be invited for morning prayers with the president on the presidential villa and after the prayers I had a quick chat with the then president in his personal examine on the residence. He acknowledged my letter of withdrawal from the race and knowledgeable me of his intention to get Umaru Yar’Adua-the now anticipated winner of the upcoming primaries on the convention- to make me his working mate.”

The previous governor spoke of the late President Yar’Adua’s readiness to work with him.

Based on him: “I used to be persuaded to go and accompany Umaru to the conference venue. I had been knowledgeable earlier within the day that the information of my pairing with Umaru was within the air and that ‘some folks’ have been already ganging as much as oppose the proposed pairing.

“It was, nevertheless, noteworthy that once I received to the Katsina State Lodge to affix Umaru to proceed to the Eagle Sq. I met him downstairs within the firm of some get together leaders-Chief James Ibori, Chief Fortunate Igbinedion, Dr Bukola Saraki, Alhaji Aliko Dnagote, Malam Nuhu Ribadu and Nasir el-Rufai.

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“Their dialog stopped once I walked in however I learn nothing sinister to the gathering or response to my entry. Umaru rapidly took me upstairs and thanked me for coming and guaranteed me of his happiness on the prospect of our working collectively.

“He referred to as his spouse Turai into the room and launched us. We later proceeded to the Eagle Sq. collectively and have been joined by different colleagues in waking around the sq.”.

He continued: “In the midst of the evening, I used to be invited to the VIP Visitor Room at Eagle Sq. and was privileged to sight the typed copy of Umaru’s ready acceptance speech. It was clearly said that he had nominated Dr. Peter Odili as his working mate for the presidential race.

“This was at about midnight or so. In the midst of the subsequent few hours, info began reaching me that there was a robust stress to drop me from the ticket.

“At about 3.30am or so, I used to be once more invited to the VIP Visitor room at Eagle Sq. and knowledgeable that there was a robust problem to my being the working mate primarily based on ‘some contemporary info’ simply obtained from Nuhu Ribadu, that might should be sorted out later within the day.

“By the shut of conference at daybreak solely 2 State Delegate Stands have been nonetheless full-Katsina and Rivers- all others have been empty or had one or two folks left. The consequence was introduced—Umaru was the winner and he promptly learn a handwritten acceptance speech that excluded my identify. He introduced that additional consultations have been being made on the matter of his working mate.”

He mentioned, nevertheless, that “By 4pm on Sunday seventeenth December, 2006 Dr. Jonathan was introduced because the working mate to Umaru Yar’Adua. By Monday 18th December I congratulated Umaru and Jonathan and urged all my supporters nationwide and Rivers folks to assist the ticket. Odili was out of the race and the ticket.”
To me if President Obasanjo had allowed a free and truthful election, I assume that Alhaji Yar’adua wouldn’t have emerged because the PDP Candidate and the course of historical past would have modified as we speak.

With the number of Alhaji Umaru Musa Yar’adua, the Obasanjo imperial Presidency ended.

4 days later he summoned his Chief of Workers, Main Common Abdullahi Mohammed(83) and the Secretary to the Authorities of the Federation, Chief Ekaette and advised them in clear phrases that he would spend extra time campaigning for Yar’adua and that the 2 of them can be in command of the each day working of the federal government. These two gents have been one of many best, loyal public servants anybody may want for. Chief Ekaette summoned his personal employees too that they must spend extra time working within the workplace. He advised his internal working employees made up of Dr. Goke Adegoroye, Dr J.N. Obiegbu, Yinka Olanipekun, Tony Ekwere, John Tom, Jonathan Soja, Mamman Audu, Saleh Ahidjo, Danjuma Gambo, Tiamiyu Kasali, Chief Mrs Abiodun Akinola, myself, Prince Kola Adeyemi from Ikirun, Mr. Tunde Kamilu Kasali, of the onerous days that lies forward.

Common Muhammed did the identical for his employees made up of Ambassador O. Esan from Ilesha who later turned a Minister, Taiwo Ojo, Bisi Ogunniyi, Gbolade Osinowo, Tunde Olushile, Chief Mrs J.O. Ayo, Inua Baba, Ambassador W.O. Baiye, Mrs G.M. Shasore, Bodunde Adeyanju and others.

Of all of the departments within the workplace of the Secretary of the Authorities of the Federation, essentially the most guarded and guarded are the workplace of the particular providers workplace and THE CABINET secretariat. The particular providers workplace offers primarily with particular assignments. That workplace has produced eminent civil servants like Alhaji Baba Gana Kingigbe, Mr Buka Usman, Dr Hakeem Baba Ahmed and lots of others. As for the cupboard secretariat, there you’ll get hardcore civil servants.

After we confer with the workplace of the Secretary to the federal government of the Federation because the heartbeat of presidency, we’re referring to the CABINET secretariat and that’s the reason the Secretary to the Authorities of the Federation is the Secretary to the Nationwide Council of States, the Secretary to the Federal Government Council, Secretary to the Defence Council and Secretary to so many panels and commissions. The CABINET secretariat shops all of the very important paperwork of the nation from 1914 until date. The Head of Service doesn’t simply submit anybody to the CABINET secretariat. Anyone posted there should have gone via rather a lot surveillance and safety checks. The employees of THE CABINET secretariat retains secrets and techniques and guard jealously the secrets and techniques of presidency.

From 1996 to 2007, high officers which have served in that CABINET secretariat included Dr Kaigama, Chief Olusegun Ogunkua(Baba Ijo), Funsho Osobukola, Venerable Peter Olukayode Okuromade, Babangida Aliyu, Mr Akin Arikawe, Ambassador Joe Keshi, who was Nigeria’s Consul Common in Atlanta and others. Within the lame Dock period of President Obasanjo, Ambassador Joe Keshi was the Everlasting Secretary and it was a busy interval for him and his employees.

Within the coming weeks and months, the CABINET Secretariat will grow to be centre of actions to entertain memos from numerous Ministers and heads of presidency companies. The query now could be what is going to President Buhari do within the period of his lame duck Presidency. Within the third Schedule of the Structure, Part B states that The Council of State shall comprise the next persons- the President, who shall be the Chairman; the Vice-President, who shall be the Deputy Chairman; all former Presidents of the Federation and all former Heads of the Authorities of the Federation; all former Chief Justices of Nigeria ; the President of the Senate; the Speaker of the Home of Representatives; all of the Governors of the States of the Federation; and the Lawyer-Common of the Federation.

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The Council shall have energy to- advise the President within the train of his powers with respect to the- nationwide inhabitants census and compilation, publication and protecting of information and different info in regards to the identical, prerogative of mercy, award of nationwide honours, the Unbiased Nationwide Electoral Fee (together with the appointment of members of that Fee), the Nationwide Judicial Council (together with the appointment of the members, aside from ex officio members of that Council), and the Nationwide Inhabitants Fee (together with the appointment of members of that Fee); and advise the President at any time when requested to take action on the upkeep of public order throughout the Federation or any half thereof and on such different issues because the President might direct.

Between January 20, 2019 and April 21 this 12 months, the Nationwide Council of State didn’t maintain any assembly. When the Council met on April 21, the Council pardoned 159 individuals. Until date, the gazette on the pardon of the affected individuals had not been launched. Since President Buhari received to energy on Could 29, 2015, no Nigerian has been given Nationwide Honours. The final time such honours have been bestowed on distinguished Nigerians was on September 10, 2012 by the then President Goodluck Jonathan (GCFR). Does that imply no Nigerian deserved to be honoured President Buhari? If we’re to go by the provisions of the Structure, giving out Nationwide Honours and the prerogative of pardon, is compulsory.

For a begin President Buhari has no alternative however to assist the Presidential flag bearer of his get together, Chief Bola Tinubu. He should assist him with all of the means at his disposal or else it will likely be assumed that he by no means wished him all alongside. It will likely be harmful for President Buhari to permit the political opponents of his get together to win the presidency. Even together with his lame duck Presidency, he can, if he needs make sure the victory of the Presidential flag bearer of his get together.

Shell has shut down all land amenities within the Japanese Niger delta (Bayelsa and Rivers) for about 12 weeks now. And there’s no plan to restart them. There is no such thing as a level. You might be pumping over 200,000 barrels of crude into the pipelines and receiving solely 3,000 barrels at Bonny terminal. The remaining are stolen alongside the best way, unlawful bunkering. Shell is simply marking time, ready to dispose all their onshore property. They don’t seem to be well worth the hassle anymore.

The Federal Authorities’s borrowing from the Central Financial institution of Nigeria has jumped to N23trillion.

The quantity because it presently stands is a 2,701 per cent improve below the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari when in comparison with N648.26 billion it stood as of June 2015 a month after coming to energy.

The Federal Authorities takes loans from CBN via the Methods and Means Advances facility used to finance the federal government in durations of short-term funds shortfalls topic to limits imposed by part 38 of the CBN Act, 2007.

Breakdown of CBN knowledge revealed on its web site exhibits in 2021 alone the federal government turned to the apex financial institution for a mortgage of N4.34 trillion to push its whole debt to N17.45 trillion. One other N704 billion was borrowed in January 2022. A breakdown from CBN knowledge exhibits that as on the finish of 2015, CBN mortgage to the federal government stood at N856.33 billion earlier than growing to N2.23 trillion in December 2016.

The quantity grew by N1.08 trillion in 2017 to N3.31 trillion. It rose additional by N2.1 trillion in 2018 to N5.41 trillion. Authorities borrowing from the CBN surged by 61.18 per cent (N3.31tn) to N8.72 trillion on the finish of 2019. Borrowings hit N13.11 trillion in 2020 after FG collected one other N4.9 trillion to plug its fiscal financing hole.

As of now, the economic system is getting worse and worse day by day. It’s clear that the financial technique of President Buhari just isn’t working. The problem of the failed Financial system is affecting all Nigerians as of as we speak. Each house on this nation is feeling the pinch.

Historical past will likely be unkind to him if he fails to behave on the economic system. He got here to the scene seven years in the past that he’ll do one thing concerning the economic system and take a look at the place at the moment are.

Prior to now, when there’s a safety lapse, it’s customary of President Muhammadu Buhari to summon his service Chiefs to the Villa. He’s but to the identical on the economic system. The scenario of Nigeria economic system is way worse than the safety challenges we at the moment are going through. He doesn’t want at hand over a useless economic system to his successor. That won’t be a befitting legacy.

Eric Teniola, a former director within the Presidency, writes from Lagos.

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